Fire and ground stone tools—and, in some coral-island areas, shell tools—were used to clear forests.
Some highland peoples, such as Chimbu, Kuma, and Hewa, believed that witches—humans acting in the grip of forces or agencies beyond their conscious control—preyed on the living, taking possession of them or draining their bodily substances. A striking phenomenon of the early colonial period was the emergence of cargo cults in coastal New Guinea and island Melanesia. From northwest to southeast, the islands form an arc that begins with New Guinea the western half of which is called Papua and is part of Indonesiaand the eastern half of which comprises the independent country of Papua New Guinea and continues through the Solomon IslandsVanuatu formerly New HebridesNew CaledoniaFijiand numerous smaller islands. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Most of the international logging investment in Melanesia has centred on that country which has more thansquare miles [, square km] of forested land. The island was settled by ethnic Japanese, Koreans and Okinawanswho developed large-scale sugar plantations.
Archived from the original on 19 November Tinian Airport is small and serviced by Star Marianas Air, which operates daily scheduled flights. Melanesian oral literatures are better known to contemporary scholarship than are Polynesian because they were less accessible to Western anthropologists and scholars, and, as a result, the literature was not distorted. The village of San Jose has several smaller hotels and restaurants and bars. Today the four runways at North Field are overgrown and abandoned. The leader, or Big Man, in many Melanesian societies is often a self-made man; he becomes a leader by creating followers, succeeding because he….