Standards of Care usually give certain very specific "minimum" requirements as guidelines for progressing with treatment, causing them to be highly controversial and often maligned documents among transgender patients seeking surgery. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation. These surgeries include chest masculinization surgery top surgerymetoidioplastyphalloplastyscrotoplastyand hysterectomy. Fast Lane imprint of East Street Publications. For both trans women and trans men, genital surgery may also involve other medically necessary ancillary procedures, such as orchiectomypenectomymastectomy or vaginectomy. Sex reassignment surgery or SRS also known as gender reassignment surgery and by numerous other names is a surgical procedure or procedures by which a transgender person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that socially associated with their identified gender.
Voice feminization lessons are available to train trans women to practice feminization of their speech.
Sex reassignment surgery
Other options are available to people wishing to speak in a less masculine tone. The surgeon will also provide a set of vaginal dilators, used to maintain, lengthen, and stretch the size of the vagina. Health care and medicine. This article needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources. Regular application of estrogen into the vagina [ citation needed ]for which there are several standard products, may help, but this must be calculated into total estrogen dose. This was followed by Lili Elbe in Dresden during —
Certain medical doctors [ which? Detransition Gender dysphoria In children Health care Pregnancy Sex reassignment surgery therapy to female to male. In extreme cases of shortage of skin, or when a vaginoplasty has failed, a vaginal lining can be created from skin grafts from the thighs or hips, or a section of colon may be grafted in colovaginoplasty. Views Read Edit View history. Surgeon's requirements, procedures, and recommendations vary enormously in the days before and after, and the months following, these procedures.