In Haldeman's view, those participants in the study who reported change were bisexual at the outset, and its authors wrongly interpreted capacity for heterosexual sex as change of sexual orientation. In fact 'reparative or conversion therapies' have not supported authentic change in sexual orientation itself. Studies of African Homosexualities. Rights and legal issues. Gay rights groups and groups concerned with mental health fear reparative therapy can make depression or even suicide more likely. During World War IINazi Germany annexed territory or established reichskommissariat s which extended Germany's laws against same-sex sexual activity to those territories and reichskommissariat s.
Though the relationship between homosexuality and religion is complex, current authoritative bodies and doctrines of the world's largest religions view homosexual behaviour negatively.
Haworth Press, 36 2: The American Counseling Association has stated that they do not condone any training to educate and prepare a counselor to practice conversion therapy. Furthermore, there is no peer-reviewed empirical psychological research demonstrating that homosexuality or bisexuality constitutes a disorder. Instead of attempting to change a student's sexual orientation, educators, administrators, and health care professionals should focus on helping the youth and their family to develop active coping mechanisms to address issues related to internalized homophobia, stigma, prejudice and discrimination. HopkinsU.
Inthe Superior Court of San Francisco — Family Court placed year old lesbian Lyn Duff under the guardianship of a foster couple after her mother committed her to Rivendell Psychiatric Center in West Jordan, Utah, where she allegedly endured physical abuse under the guise of conversion therapy. Association of College and Research Libraries. Part of a series on. Inthey augmented that statement by saying that as a general principle, a therapist should not determine the goal of treatment, but recommends that ethical practitioners refrain from attempts to change clients' sexual orientation until more research is available. Indeed, it is by acting—or desiring to act—with another person that individuals express their heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality. Critics argued that it was a result of pressure from gay activists, and demanded a referendum among voting members of the Association.